4.1.6. Passwords

You need to set passwords for the 'root', 'admin' and 'backup' users.

If you are familiar with Linux you may wish to login to IPCop to carry out maintenance tasks. The only user id configured is the 'root' user. Be careful, the 'root' user has the “keys to the kingdom” of your firewall. If someone gets this password they can cause all sorts of mischief. By default 'root' is only allowed to log in via the local console, though.

Type in a password, avoiding single or double quotes, or spaces, and repeat it for confirmation. The minimum length for a password is 6 characters. Press the Ok button to accept.

Enter a password for 'root'

Next, you enter a password for the 'admin' user. When you login to IPCop's web interface you will be prompted for a username and password. The 'admin' user can administer IPCop through the web interface. Unlike the 'root' user password, web browsers do not handle special characters in passwords very well. Limit your 'admin' password to upper and lower case alphanumeric characters.

Enter a password for the 'admin' user

Finally, you will be prompted for a 'backup' password, which is used when restoring system backup files from usb sticks, or other filesystems, as described in the Backup Web Page section of the Administration Manual.

Enter a password for the 'backup' user

There is a fourth user, 'dial', whose password is set through the web interface. A 'dial' user can access the Home page to Connect and Disconnect the Red Interface from the Internet, but cannot access any of the administrative functions on IPCop.

The password for the 'admin' user can also be changed later through the web interface, as described in the Passwords section of the Administration Manual.


You've completed your IPCop installation. Press Ok to reboot. After the reboot is completed, you will undoubtedly need to perform some administrative tasks to complete your setup.

For a complete description of how to administer IPCop, please check the Administration Manual.